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Probiotics or Enzymes? The Benefits of Microbiological Cleaning

The Difference Between Enzymatic and Microbiological Cleaning

We are often asked the difference between two types of cleaning – probiotics or enzymes. I.e., Is it better to choose microbiological cleaning products that use probiotic ‘good’ bacteria or enzymatic cleaning products that use different enzymes?

The good news is that both cleaners are usually non-toxic and safer for people, pets and the environment than chemicals.

However, choosing eco-positive cleaning products with added probiotics offers key advantages over cleaning products with added enzymes only.

This is because the helpful probiotics are living bacteria that are able to produce their own enzymes.

Probiotics or Enzymes in Cleaning?

The difference is that enzymes prepare the ground and facilitate cleaning. Probiotic bacteria extend the cleaning efficiency.

What is an Enzyme?

An enzyme is a protein that is able to catalyse a reaction.

This means that the enzyme accelerates the reaction. The enzyme is not modified during the reaction.

The initial molecules are the substrates of the enzyme and the molecules formed from these substrates are the products of the reaction. An enzyme is specific to a reaction, this means that an enzyme cannot carry out several different reactions; it is always the same reaction that is catalysed.

Enzymes prepare the ground for cleaning.

The advantage of the enzyme is that it remains active and is not degraded by the reaction.

The disadvantage of the enzyme is that its specificity is a single reaction.

Enzymes in Cleaning

In cleaning, enzymes act like a pair of scissors and cut molecules into smaller, more accessible molecules. They prepare the ground and facilitate the effectiveness of cleaning:

  • Accelerate a reaction.
  • Are specific to a single reaction.
  • Cut the molecules to prepare the ground and facilitate cleaning,

What are Bacteria?

Bacteria are living organisms that are able to produce their own enzymes. In fact, the DNA of bacteria contains ‘blueprints’ for the production of several thousand different enzymes.

Probiotic bacteria are beneficial (good) bacteria that when applied in sufficient quantities confer one or more specified health benefits for the host (Ref: the World Health Organisation).

Probiotic bacteria have two key advantages over enzymes when added to cleaning products:

1. The first advantage of bacteria is their ability to offer many more enzymes than a product that contains one or several enzymes. Bacteria can therefore degrade a much larger variety of substrates.

The bacteria will also produce these enzymes as needed. They will adapt to the substrate. Moreover, thanks to the large number of enzymes, bacteria can degrade substrates more efficiently. Instead of taking a molecule and cutting it in half, bacteria can completely degrade and eliminate waste from primary damage.

Bacteria (probiotics) extend the cleaning efficiency.

2. The second advantage of bacteria is to be able to multiply and thus colonize a space as long as the conditions remain attractive (presence of organic matter to degrade). They develop and adapt their number according to the conditions.

Bacteria in Cleaning

Bacteria are living organisms that produce their own enzymes. They:

  • Produce thousands of different enzymes.
  • Offer a much larger number of enzymes.
  • Adapt and produce enzymes as needed.
  • Total degradation of molecules.
  • Multiplication and colonisation of space.

In summary, enzymes facilitate easier cleaning, whereas bacteria prolong the effectiveness of cleaning.

Probiotics or Enzymes?

Temperature and Efficiency

Temperature impacts the efficiency of enzymes and bacteria. Both solutions will work between temperature ranges.

Read more about the benefits of probiotics or enzymes and our probiotic cleaning product ranges in the brochure Environmentally Positive Solutions.

Also read the report Enzymatic Activity of PBGL Probiotic Cocktails to find out more.

Get in touch to find out how probiotic cleaning enhances your cleaning and hygiene results – whether for home, commercial or fitness and wellness use. Email or call 01268 544530 today.